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- Contents

Chapter 1. Vision System Design

Chapter 2.
Biological Eye 

Chapter 3. Eye 
Design Illustrations
Chapter 4. Eye 

Chapter 5. Optical   Systems Design 

Chapter 6. The 
Eye Designer

Related Links

Appendix A --
CRIS Speech & SlideShow by Curt Deckert

Appendix B - RAPID Speech by Curt Deckert

Appendix C - Comments From Our Readers

Appendix D - Panicked Evolutionists: The Stephen Meyer Controversy








Chapter 6
Section B
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B. Eye integration design evidence
1. Eye integration with brain
     Human eyes are just one example of very creative optical system design. All of natures eyes illustrate the result of applying intelligent design to achieve vision. . If you believe that the white fly or any animal was created, then it follows that everything else was created The eye's integration with the brain and the remainder of the body requires thousands of communication lines connecting each of many types of cells to function as a vision system. Some nerve cells may have more than 10,000 lines of communication with other cells! The size of these communication fibers or small tubes may be less than .010 micron in diameter. Such fibers are even smaller than we can see with most conventional microscopes where, under ideal conditions, we may be able to see 0.2- micron details. Special UV microscope systems may enable one to see detail smaller than 0.1 micron and UV laser scanning microscopes can allow resolution on the order of .02 micron. UV is used to excite fluorescence to selectively make many active lines of communication between cells visible. If this advanced cell integration and communication evidence had been known in 1850, it is probable that most educated people would not pay much attention to present evolutionary theories. It would seem that today, having well over 1000 times the technical knowledge available in 1850, we should have more objective ideas about the origin of vision. I doubt that Darwin would go along with his followers of today. 

2. Eye integration with other parts of body
     Eyes, larger in proportion to body size, are more difficult to integrate into a creature in terms of weight, volume, brain size requirements, and the overall need for energy. Ideally, larger eyes and brains have the ability to process and store more data. Smaller eyes provide input for difficult high-speed image processing, but smaller brains probably have less long-term memory and learning abilities.
     Eyes are typically well integrated with the remainder of the animal. One of the prime examples of eye camouflage is the visual design on many eyes. Here the microscopic anti-reflective coating on moth eyes shows very definite design effort. In some animals,  eyes that protrude will reduce the camouflage capability, hinder flying, or slow swimming. Other animals need eyes that protrude, in order to provide a means of wide angle scanning with eyes having a limited field of view.
     See the following Figure for animals having a variety of eye mountings.(Fig 6.14b from pg. 152, Iridology, Vol. 2, 1982, published by Bernard Jensen Enterprises, Escondido, CA 92027) (Fig 6.14b adapted from 1999 Eye Poster from Anatomical Chart Co. Skokie, IL) 
fig6-09TN.jpg Variety of Eye Mountings 300x175
Figure 6-14a Variety 
of Eye Mountings
fig6-14bTN.jpg Human Eye Mounting 200x115
Figure 6-14b Human 
Eye Mounting
     There is considerable parallel processing in natures eyes, as compared to most man-made vision systems that have been devised recently using very fast serial processing. Serial processing used in machine vision requires less complex interfacing, but is limited for rapid pattern recognition because of the speed of the interface. This compares to natures small eyes that transmit information over many parallel paths to small efficient brains for split second response. This requires more integration effort on the part of a designer.
     Another example of intelligent design is the complexity of the eye iris integration to control light input to the retina. For example, in humans the variation in the iris edge pattern showing in the eyes is used by some to identify a person or even to detect diseases in many parts of the body. Linking of the iris pattern with major parts of the body is certainly evidence of very creative integrated design. This makes the iris of both eyes operate as visual health indicators. Iridology analysis (study of the iris color and patterns of its parts) is controversial, but it appears that there may be some basis for this alternate means of medical analysis for those schooled in this art (or science). If this is true, our bodies are certainly more complex than most people realize. This may mean that considerable visual health information is furnished to those willing and able to analyze it.
     This type of analysis is illustrated by the following two figures: (Adapted from page 228, Iridology, Vol. 2, 1982, Bernard Jensen, Publisher) 
fig6-15TN.jpg Iris Health Diagram Model for Right Eye 200x209
Figure 6-15 Iris 
Health Diagram Model
for Right Eye
fig6-16TN.jpg Iris Health Diagram Model for Left Eye 200x220
Figure 6--16 Iris 
Health Diagram Model 
for Left Eye
     Please see Iridology reference for correct horizontal and vertical orientation of both charts.  These figures are presented for educational purposes only, Our research in this area is not comclusive.

3. Integrated vision growth
     DNA programs cells before birth to generate specific materials for eyes as growth takes place. Plants, animals, insects, humans, air, water, and land are all interrelated, with programmed information that appears to have come from specific designs. The usefulness of vision to many body functions and activities is apparent to all of us. This is especially evident as we learn how optic system cells grow, along with communication and brain cells, to make up useful integrated vision systems. There is certainly evidence of intelligent programming in the precise way reproduction is orchestrated in the many different types of eye cells. Many cell messages for vision systems must be coordinated within the brain of each type of creature. 
     Growth of eye cells requires complex molecules, such as DNA and RNA. DNA stores genetic information, which is in effect a design blueprint for cells. RNA molecules transport the correct blueprint information to the correct cell building site made up of complex proteins. Eye cells cannot function without RNA and DNA. New eye cell generation requires that all these functions be in place. Some scientists say that originally RNA could function alone, but this is highly unlikely with early earth high temperatures. Accurate cell production is required to preserve the long- term functions of the RNA. Focused overall design effort was necessary for overall cell location, integration and communication to take place. 

4. Embedded programming of automatic vision functions      The interaction and construction of RNA and DNA molecules in cells play key roles in the reproduction of eyes. It is expected that significant knowledge is stored in cells and in well-designed databases within the brain. The variability and constraints of the DNA code provide a framework indicating a well-planned reproducible design. The programmed reproduction of eye cells should be evidence enough for proving intelligent design.
     The vision systems of insects, animals, and humans all integrate programmed or automatic eye functions and learned responses. For example, programming for gathering and saving food from one season to another depends on eyes for key inputs and the brain for overall control of the vision system. Spiders need to have enough intelligence and visual resolution to build webs, trap food, and to recognize danger. Control functions and programming involving some type of intelligent reference is also necessary to interpret environmental changes such as temperature, seasons, light, and darkness for all kind of creatures. 
     It appears certain instincts involve programming of vision functions. These occurred in all of creation and each species of animal, each with a specific eye design having different DNA programming. Built-in intelligence is required for whales, geese, butterflies and other creatures that travel long distances. Here intelligence for viewing stars, days, nights and other references is required for navigation. This requires integration of the eyes with a brain containing initial control information and the ability to learn all they need to know by communication with other creatures. All of this is required for vision in all sizes of animals. Even small butterflies, having long migration paths, must have some embedded or programmed information. For example, Monarch butterflies, having never made the trip before, must have some information or when and where to start. When we look at the huge database of optical information necessary to describe eye optics and vision for all existing creatures, we can easily become overwhelmed. It may help to visualize our vision system like a computer system, where the program is the key element in coordinating and reasoning.
     Where did eye software design come from? 
     How did such elegant eye designs develop over such a short period of time?

5. Using vision integration technology to control animals as robots
     The overall cost is high for developing man-made, non-reproducing vision systems similar to those found in small, medium, and large animals. This increases the possibility of using vision integration technology by training animals and/or insects. There is also the possibility of replacing or supplementing very small robotic systems instead of building complete robots. Big animals, such as elephants or horses, are already used on a large scale for work all over the world. We should be able to control very small living creatures, much like dogs are trained to aid the blind. Since they have less apparent reasoning power to resist training it would seem to be feasible.
     For example, if communication methods are developed to utilize insects, they can be trained to go into places which larger animals cannot go. Work has started in this area with the remote control of cockroaches carrying special surveillance packages. If their vision and control systems could be manipulated and monitored, insects could be used for weapons of war against physical targets, for carrying out selective medical surgery by cleaning wounds and removing specific tissue, and for other limited access applications. As we learn to communicate with insects and other small animals such as leeches and gain access to their vision and recognition systems, we may learn to monitor their vision and control them with respect to what they see. 
     There are many potential robotic and instrumentation applications for very small insect type eyes if we can learn more about these small vision systems. Here, insects could be great caregivers, in that they could gather tissue samples or deliver drugs to specific sites, sense the need for medication, and provide a means of monitoring hard-to-reach organs.



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Related Links
Appendix A - Slide Show & Conference Speech by Curt Deckert
Appendix B - Conference Speech by Curt Deckert
Appendix C - Comments From Our Readers
Appendix D - Panicked Evolutionists: The Stephen Meyer Controversy
Table of All Figures

Send E-Mail to Curt Deckert - curt@cdeckert.com
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